Cognitive Disorders – Types and Treatments

Cognitive Disorders – Types and Treatments

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“The most extraordinary power on earth is the magnificent power we all possess, the power of the human brain.”- Professor Xavier. None of us can understand the human brain and all its functions, and it is an organ that even the most brilliant scientists still study. But as with all organs, the brain can get sick.

Cognitive disorders are described as mental health orders that primarily affect learning development, memory, perception, or problem-solving. This post will discuss some of the cognitive disorders that a person can get.


The general term for dementia is the loss of memory and affects most thinking abilities. This is severe enough to interfere with your daily life. Dementia is not just one single disease but is a term that covers a variety of medical conditions.

These medical conditions can be Alzheimer’s, Vascular dementia, or Lewy body dementia. Abnormal brain changes result in dementia. The causes of dementia vary from person to person, but they all have one thing in common. Their brain cells are damaged and cause an obstruction for brain cells to communicate with one another. Your brain is responsible for many body regions including, memory, judgment, and movement.

An interesting fact that is non commonly known is that hearing loss can also develop dementia if not treated. When your hearing is weakened, your brain has to function differently. It takes a toll on the brain. Hearing loss and brain health is an important combination to consider when you suspect someone needs help.


Alzheimer’s is a type of dementia that affects the memory and behavior of a person. Altzheimers is a common cause of dementia and progresses over time. In the late stage of Alzheimer’s, individuals lose the ability to hold a conversation and respond to simple questions. Statistics record that Alzheimer’s is the sixth-leading cause of death in the US.

There is no current cure, but there are treatments that can help to ease the progress. Common symptoms of Alzheimer’s include having difficulty remembering, performing tasks, forgetting and losing important objects, controlling bodily functions such as bladder, confusion, and personality changes. It is a complicated and dramatic process for the patient and the family. For one to not remember your daughter, husband, son, or grandchild.

Common Treatments to Consider

If you need help or know someone who needs help, gets the necessary treatments. Neurological evaluations/ Cognitive tests can help identify where the problem comes from; the doctor evaluates cognitive functions such as memory, language, visual perception, orientation, and reasoning.

A psychiatric evaluation must also be considered because a professional can determine whether depression or other mental health contributes to your symptoms.

The brain is the organ that is in charge of making all your bodily functions work. It is also the only part of the body that can experience emotions. It is essential to broaden your knowledge on cognitive illnesses to help an individual when they need it most.

*This article is based on personal suggestions and/or experiences and is for informational purposes only. This should not be used as professional advice. Please consult a professional where applicable.


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